Few would be surprised that MoneySuperMarket’s data reports credit card uptake continues to grow year on year at an ever faster pace. If you’re concerned that this is a reflection of poor spending choices of our society, don’t be: credit card usage is a powerful lending tool many are using to gain.
Making purchases on credit, either via a credit card or a loan, can be a useful way of breaking up big payments over several months, help you buy something sooner rather than later, protect payments in the event of unforeseen circumstances, all while building up a strong credit history. As long as you can carefully consider what you’re borrowing and how much that means you’ll need to pay back.
But within the financial jargon, changing interest rates and confusing terms and conditions, knowing exactly what you can afford is easier said than done. The new research takes into consideration the average monthly salary of £1,827.10 and the average cost of living of £1,474.79, to spell out what’s better to be bought now and what’s better to be saved up on based on the average monthly salary of £352.31 a month.
By putting this money aside regularly, you can save up for any major purchases, such as the latest iPhone (£1,219), at a pace that works for you, without leaving yourself short each month. Putting as much into your savings as possible could also cover you for any unexpected expenses that may crop up, reducing any financial anxiety.
Additionally, when buying big ticket items, such as a holiday, or financing a wedding, it’s important to make sure you’re paying for it in the right way. Making purchases on a credit card can help split up big payments, whilst building your credit history, however this can incur high interest charges. Credit card interest rates can vary depending on the type of card, with the average APR being around 19.9%.
Break down of cost and time across different item values:
|Cost||Time to Save (months)||Time to Pay Off Credit (months)||Interest on Credit Payment||Total Credit Payment (Max Average Payments)|
Tips for managing credit and improving your credit score:
- Check your credit score – Online tools allow you to check your credit score and receive personalised tips and insights to help you improve your score
- Use ‘credit builder’ credit cards to improve your credit score – These are designed to build up your credit score. They usually have higher interest rates, so it’s important to pay off the balance each month, but they can help you become eligible for better credit cards later on
- Pay more than the minimum repayment – Try to pay off as much as you can afford each month, as you’ll incur less interest and clear your debt faster
- A 0% purchase credit card can help you to spread the cost – This could help you to pay off a big purchase over a number of months, without paying interest
- A 0% balance transfer card can help you deal with outstanding debts or overdrafts – They allow you to move money to other accounts and pay off debt
- Use a cashback card if you’re able to pay off your card each month – By doing so, you can earn money back at the end of the year
For more guidance on managing your finances, visit our guide to managing credit and savings.
‘MOVE FAST BUT DON’T BREAK THINGS’ – WHY FINTECHS WILL COME TO LOVE REGULATION
Alex Johnson, Director of Portfolio Marketing, FICO
The guiding ethos of fintech is move fast and break things. It’s the fundamental advantage that disruptors have over the incumbents they’re disrupting — the ability to move quickly and make mistakes, learn from them and deliver innovative services to customers. Generally, this ethos is presented as a virtue. Banking is ‘broken’ so any investments in improving it are both notable and noble – even if there are bumps along the way.
Conversely, anything that stands in the way of this ‘march of progress’ is generally cast as a villain.
The most prominent villain for fintech companies is regulation. From their perspective, it’s a competitive moat, based on rules written for a different century, that protects banks’ ability to make money without needing to innovate and offer more or improved services to their customers.
So, it’s easy to see why a fintech company — believing fully in the virtue of its mission and faced with a litany of illogical and intractable regulations — might just say ‘we’re doing it anyway.’ That’s what Robinhood co-founder Baiju Bhatt reportedly did when his company tried to roll out a checking and savings product that it claimed was insured without confirming that with regulators first.
The problem is that while we may mythologise the ‘move fast and break things’ ethos in the abstract, consumers don’t love it when their stuff breaks in the real world.
And when fintechs and challenger banks aren’t constrained by regulation (as they mostly are in the U.S and Europe) the harm caused by this ‘move fast and break things’ approach can be much more severe than a service outage or a false claim of deposit insurance.
Stories from overseas
In China, online P2P lending exploded in popularity, with the number of P2P lenders growing from 50 in 2011 to 3,500 in 2015. Then the whole industry imploded when it was revealed that 40% of P2P lending platforms were Ponzi schemes.
In India, online lending companies raised a record $909 million in venture capital last year (the third-biggest market behind the U.S. and China). And those lenders are now using personal data from borrowers’ mobile phones to make lending decisions – which although illegal, is reportedly ignored by Indian regulators.
In the Philippines (another emerging market where venture capital dollars for online lending are pouring in), the National Privacy Commission is investigating hundreds of complaints from consumers about lending apps leveraging their personal data to shame them into making their payments.
A prediction for the decade to come
In the 2020s, I believe fintech companies will come to love – or at least quietly appreciate – regulation for two primary reasons:
Fintechs and challenger banks understand that brand recognition and affinity is key to their long-term success. Building their brands will be a challenge. A recent survey of 2,000 Brits found 40% don’t trust challenger banks at all and 67% said they are more likely to do business with banks that have branches on the high street. As Zach Bruhnke, co-founder and CEO of U.S. challenger bank HMBradley recently said, ‘We’re going to have to grow by word-of-mouth and doing the right things for our customers.’
Fintechs and challenger banks focused on the long-term task of building brand affinity and trust will, over the next decade, come to despise bad actors that skirt the rules and dress up get-rich-quick schemes in the same language they use to describe their own firms. Regulations that constrain and/or shut down these bad actors will be increasingly appreciated by legitimate market participants.
In the 2010s, we saw the beginning of a trend that will strengthen in the 2020s — regulations designed to foster competition between incumbents and new market entrants. To date, such regulatory action has run the gamut, from vague (innovation sandboxes and special-use charters) to hyper-specific (U.S. regulators’ cautiously approving the use of alternative data, or the Bank of England considering giving non-banks access to its 500-billion-pound balance sheet). Perhaps, most promising, has been the work done by the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA), which has been proactively driving the adoption of rules and standards around Open Banking for past couple of years. O
ver the next decade, through careful management of public perception and increased investment in lobbying, fintechs and challenger banks will further reshape the regulatory environment from a competitive moat to a more level playing field.
Reaching fintech maturity
’As a licensed broker-dealer, we’re highly regulated and take clear communication very seriously. We plan to work closely with regulators as we prepare to launch our cash management program’.
This was the statement issued by the chastened co-founders of Robinhood shortly after they backed away from their plan to launch a checking and savings product without government insurance. And here’s the crazy part — that’s exactly what happened! Less than a year later the company announced a new deposit product, this time insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
As fintech companies mature in the 2020s and the focus of their strategic objectives shifts from growth to profitability, regulation will play a vital role in transforming the ethos of those companies into something a bit more sustainable. Call it ‘Move fast, but don’t break things’.
HOW TO MERGE YOUR FINANCES AS A COUPLE?
By Nelisiwe Ndlovu, Certified Financial Planner at Alexander Forbes
There is never a good time to discuss finances with your partner, married or unmarried, and one key issue that needs to be discussed is whether you should merge your finances.
Joining all your money matters can seem overwhelming at first, so you don’t have to combine every bank account and credit card from the get-go.
Start by having an honest discussion with regards to your individual money management and financial commitments before deciding to merge or co-manage your household finances while deciding if you want to fully merge all your finances. Detail all individual income, expenses, and all your financial commitments. The best way to achieve this would be to first take your individual budgets and combine them. This will tell you what you can and cannot afford as a couple. If one partner does not usually budget, this is a chance to start doing so as this will ensure that your household finances are under control.
Before you think about merging your finances, be open and honest about:
- How much you earn – what is the income that you will bring home? What is the frequency of your income? Are you permanently employed or a contractor?
- What are your current individual expenses and financial commitments? List your assets and your current debt.
- Your individual financial goals and money management techniques – don’t worry if you might have not figured this out at the time of merging your finances – the important thing to do is to be open and honest so that you both build a stronger money foundation
- Disclose your financial obligations, this becomes very tricky if left until too late and may cause unnecessary tension in the relationship
- What are your goals as a couple – what is the purpose for merging your finances?
Married couples can formally or informally merge their finances as detailed above where household expenses are split between the couple (the split could be 50/50 or any fair split agreed upon by the couple, which could be based percentage-wise depending on one’s income). Some couples tackle finances by adopting the ‘pick a bill’ approach, where one couple pays the water and electricity while the other covers the food.
Being married does not mean necessarily that you need to have one joint account. You may also just want to open one joint account where you each deposit money to pay just your monthly household expenses.
The top five things to remember when merging finances as a couple:
- Have the ability to manage your own finances before expecting another person to merge their finances with you.
- Be mindful of your potential spouse/life partner’s money management behaviour and skills so that there are certain things you can address together before considering merging your finances
- Always keep an open line of communication – honesty is the best policy
- Set a money limit which you can each spend without having to consult each other
- Don’t forget to change your wills and beneficiaries on pension or provident funds as required.
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