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Mini-Budget 2022:

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Tax giveaway is a boost for business, but will it drive growth or fuel inflation?

 

Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng has announced a comprehensive wave of tax cuts and other incentives for individuals and businesses, as well as confirming some of the announcements made earlier this week.  The measures are part of a new Growth Plan, which is aiming to boost economic growth. However, only time will tell if they will curb inflation and temper recession concerns.

Richard Godmon, tax partner at accountancy firm, Menzies LLP, said:

“With another fiscal statement to follow, this mini-Budget is a defining moment for the new Government and tax cuts are firmly back on the agenda.

“The biggest surprise was the decision to simplify Income Tax by moving to a single higher rate of tax for high earners of 40%, with effect from April next year. This will encourage a spirit of entrepreneurialism by incentivising work and putting money back into the economy. The flip side is that the Government might also be hoping that the move increases the tax take, as it could help to draw people back to the UK who may have previously chosen to live and work elsewhere, while encouraging others to stay put.

“The reduction in dividend tax rates and the abolition of the additional rate of tax from April 2023 means that business owners will need to consider carefully the timing of dividend payments over the next few months.”

Up to 40 new Investment Zones

The Chancellor also outlined plans to create up to 40 new ‘investment zones’ in England, with the potential for more in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Businesses in these zones will benefit from wide-ranging tax breaks including 100% tax relief on investments in plant and machinery, and no National Insurance Contributions will be payable on the first £50,000 earned by new employees.

Richard Godmon, tax partner at Menzies LLP, said: “The new Investment Zones are reminiscent of the former Enterprise Zones, but they will provide a much more favourable tax environment for businesses and they promise to become a magnet for inward investment. There are currently 38 areas in England on the list for consideration and we look forward to finding out which ones will be selected.”

Incentivising business investment and Corporation Tax rise ‘cancelled’

The limit of the Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) will not revert to £200,000 as planned in April next year, it will now permanently stay at £1 million.

Richard Godmon, tax partner at Menzies LLP, said:

“Capital allowances are highly valued by businesses and they will be pleased that this one in particularly is going to stick at £1 million and that this is no longer being described as a temporary measure, but is to be made permanent.

“The decision to cancel the planned increase in Corporation Tax (due to tax effect next April) will be a relief to many small and medium-sized businesses who have been concerned that this increase would erode profits further and make it even more challenging to remain viable.”

Incentivising entrepreneurial investment

The Chancellor highlighted plans to increase the cap on investments that can be made under the Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS) from £150,000 to £250,000. Individuals making investments in start-ups up have had the limit doubled to £200,000, with the 50% income tax relief remining the same. The Government also gave its commitment to continuing to back the Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS).

“These announcements send a signal to entrepreneurial investors that tax should not be a barrier and the Chancellor wants to expand incentives in this area,” added Richard Godmon, tax partner at Menzies LLP.

Stamp Duty Land Tax

The threshold at which Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) becomes payable on residential property purchases in the UK has been raised to £250,000, double its previous level in a bid to boost the property market. In addition, first-time buyers will not have to pay SDLT on property purchases up to a value of £425,000 (up from £300,000). Both measures will take effect from today.

Richard Godmon, tax partner at Menzies LLP, said:

“The decision to raise the SDLT threshold is designed to build consumer confidence and boost the housing market generally. For property developers it will fuel activity by creating demand, particularly from first-time buyers, and help to free up finance to front-end development projects.”

IR35 Changes

Richard Godmon, tax partner at Menzies LLP, said:

“The repealing of the 2017 and 2021 IR35 changes will be hugely welcomed as it will remove an administrative burden, risk and cost, enabling businesses to devote resources to furthering their growth strategies.

“It is important to recognise that IR35 has not been abolished and the result of the changes is that the risk and compliance costs are being returned to the individuals and their personal service companies.  HMRC will no doubt redirect their focus towards the contractors, which will bring challenges and make enforcement more difficult.”

Finance

Crypto’s tipping point

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Chris George, Senior VP of Product at Somo argues that Crypto needs to improve its scalability to be taken seriously

Cryptocurrencies are no longer the exclusive domain of high risk financiers or tech Bitcoin jockeys, willing to ride a niche and volatile asset for good or ill. Today, neobank and mainstream banking apps alike offer crypto banking, helping them trade in Bitcoin or Ethereum from as little as one dollar(https://www.revolut.com/crypto/).

Indeed, in September 2022, Finbold reported that British citizens had invested nearly £32bn in cryptocurrencies, and additional research from HMRC would have it that one in 10 UK adults has bought crypto, double the number from the previous year. 

But even given the legitimacy lent to crypto by the fact that now 50% of UK banks allow customers to interact with these currencies as well as other digital assets, how can the asset management industry turn it into a significant – and mainstream – asset, particularly in today’s turbulent economic climate? With the collapse of FTX, this must be taken into serious consideration. FTX was sold as being a safe and stable way to trade digital currency, alas this has not been the case. It turns out Sam Bankman-Fried seriously over-promised and dramatically under-delivered, gambling away customer assets and ultimately prioritising fraud and malpractice.

First, we need to acknowledge that not all crypto is created equal. Some, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum, do function as a currency, are limited in volume and therefore can increase and (as 2022 amply showed) decrease in value. But other blockchain-based crypto doesn’t behave like what most people commonly accept as currency at all. 

For there to be significant uptake in crypto as an asset, there is going to have to be a far broader and deeper understanding of what it is and what it can do. As Christophe Diserens, chief compliance officer at SwissBorg has suggested: “Value and useability are going to be key. Metcalfe’s Law has been used to value tech and internet stocks so why not crypto?”. That value took a bit of a beating during the recent sell-off and crypto’s perceived volatility will need to be addressed if it is to achieve scale. Because that’s what it’s going to need if it’s ever going to be considered as a legitimate global payment alternative in the future.

 

The role of The Merge

Not the latest B-movie, sci-fi flick, The Merge in September 2022 saw the world’s second-biggest cryptocurrency, Ethereum, move from a ‘proof of work’ to a ‘proof of stake’ protocol. This was nothing short of seismic. 

Proof of work is how the vast majority of crypto has been mined to date. People solving complex equations to validate transactions (the ‘work’) uses masses of computer processing energy, accounting for a significant slice of the world’s electricity consumption. In today’s climate (in both senses of the word), that’s just not on. 

Proof of stake, on the other hand, relies on far fewer ‘miners’, fewer computers and less energy as a result. This so-called ‘Merge’ is not only expected to reduce worldwide energy consumption by 0.2%, but also boost the crypto economy as a whole, creating more opportunities for investors and allow developers to build more products and applications on Ethereum. Ultimately, it could be what drives the decentralised internet of blockchain, crypto and NFT – Web3 – mainstream. 

What does this mean in the ‘real’ world? This could present a real opportunity for the financial services sector as a whole. It will change the way it operates, speeding up transactions, creating new business models and generally just making the whole thing a more efficient way of working. Fully cashless payments for business would be a real boon, given the costs and potential losses involved in transacting in cash. Digitisation also makes transacting an altogether more intuitive experience. 

One thing crypto and its associated technologies and solutions needs to be wary of is becoming a solution in search of a problem. For a truly mainstream breakthrough, the industry needs to make sure it’s bringing the consumer along on the journey. For end users to be truly confident in crypto, it has to benefit from the same levels of governance and regulation that cover the rest of the financial services industry, building and maintaining consumer confidence will be extremely important as trust levels have been shaken by the recent lack of solid administration and “irresponsible lending practices” leading to the FTX implosion . It has to be simple to transact, but with all the protections that investors have come to expect. It can’t afford to take them on another rollercoaster ride like 2022’s. 

While 50% of the UK’s banks may be getting on board with crypto to some degree, there is still a wide open ocean of opportunity for asset management players to realise value for themselves and their clients. It will involve some reshaping and more investment in digitisation to manage the assets of the future, whatever they may be. 

Somo, part of the CI&T family, will be publishing a report titled ‘Assessing the Crypto Conundrum: Will cryptocurrency ever be a significant trading asset and how can digitalisation shape its future?’ in 2023. 

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Skedadle to change the game for advertising with Currencycloud partnership

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Currencycloud, the experts simplifying business in a multi-currency world, has partnered with Scottish start-up app Skedadle to provide its users an easy, secure and seamless way to transfer money earned in-app while playing games on public transport.

Skedadle rewards travellers for the time they spend playing on-the-go. They can earn £2 per day simply for playing games on the move. That’s an extra £60 in their pocket each month. This can be done thanks to a disruption in the advertising market, by using algorithms to verify and track the users’ engagement with ads, proven to be higher while playing than in traditional online advertising, which increases product and brand recall for advertisers. Thanks to the partnership with Currencycloud, Skedadle users can use the app on public transport and be reassured that all financial transactions and financial data comply with the highest standards of security and validations.

By connecting to Currencycloud’s API technology, Skedadle has been able to integrate in their app a state-of-the-art payments ecosystem that seamlessly bulk settles the money earned from advertisers into a secure account and then processes withdrawals from users fast. At the same time, Currencycloud also sets the infrastructure that will enable them to grow both geographically in the UK and globally, by providing access to 38 currencies and low cost, fast FX rates.

Says Nick Macandrew, CEO and Founder at Skedadle: “Trust and security are crucial, especially when it comes to people’s money. As we rapidly grow our platform, we need a solution that can keep up with our pace and Currencycloud do just that. Our cutting-edge technology requires a secure, stable, and simple way of managing payments, whilst guaranteeing the best user experience possible.”

Nick Cheetham, Chief Revenue Officer at Currencycloud commented: “Backing bold start-ups from day one has always been part of our DNA. Skedadle’s creation of new revenue streams for travellers and advertisers alike is an exciting business endeavour. We are eager to see how the  platform can grow and disrupt the market by integrating our seamless payment capabilities.”

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