Jean Van Vuuren, Regional VP for UK, Middle East and South Africa at Alfresco
The finance world has been going through major changes in the last decade and many banks have become technology companies in almost every way. From online banking and apps to track activity, to the closing of high street branches and the rise of online only banks, this is a global trend that has been hard to miss.
Despite the introduction of challenger banks to the industry, many of us still rely on large, traditional banks to keep our hard-earned money safe. So how do these institutions take inspiration from the new emerging banks and put it into practice whilst keeping themselves relevant to a society that is increasingly reliant on technology? And what is next in the wave of digital transformation for financial institutions?
Using AI as part of the customer experience
Banks prioritising the customer experience has increased by leaps and bounds in the last 5-10 years, but it doesn’t just end with the launch of an app or the re-design of an online experience. The customer experience needs to be revisited regularly and continually play a core role in the adoption of the latest technology available.
For example, the future of AI in the banking world is very exciting and is completely transforming the customer experience. Voice banking, facial recognition and automated tellers can help create a completely personalised experience for each customer. Someone could walk into a high street bank, AI sensors at the door could use facial recognition to let the teller know who has arrived and they could automatically pull up all the information about their account without having to ask for their bank card or details.
As technology gets more sophisticated, this opens up possibilities for banks to focus on advising customers rather than spending time on transactions and processes.
Trusting the security of the cloud for confidential documents
The cloud has completely transformed the way in which we store information on our smartphones, computers and within the enterprise. However, as with any technology it comes with potential security risks. Trusting a third party with your data feels risky in most industries because you no longer feel in control of it, but banks are often trusted with our most precious data – not to mention our money. Therefore, maintaining confidentiality is of upmost importance to banks in order to maintain the trust of their customers.
Financial institutions should make sure that they are not relying on security embedded in cloud platforms to do the heavy lifting. Implementing governance services that provide security models, audit trails and regulate access – even internally, and confidently demonstrate that compliance is key for an industry with so much access to personal information. Whilst working in the cloud offers flexibility, it needs to be made secure with intelligent security classifications and automatic safeguarding of files and records as they are created.
This also brings up the issue of legacy platforms from a security and feasibility standpoint. Fund management companies find that legacy platforms are very expensive and not cloud ready. There is very little room for innovation and it is hard to adapt them to meet customer demands. Even if a fund management company has migrated to a Saas or Paas solution, quite often regulatory obligations and the potential dangers posed by hacking and data breaches mean that they sometimes go back to using an on-premises solution. Instead of backtracking, financial institutions should spend time to understand what the best cloud option for them would be and how they would implement it within the confines of governance and compliance.
Discussing going paperless in 2020 may seem like going back to the past, but for many financial institutions making the transition to fully paperless operations is still a work in progress. This is also a key area where challenger banks which have never had paper-based processes have an advantage, they don’t have to adapt simply because they were born paperless. There is also a new generation of consumers that embrace and often expect paperless banking.
While the Fintech industry is intrinsically paperless, banks are still adapting to phase out paper support, but this transition should be an integral part of updating the customer experience. The paperless movement involves moving from simply depositing checks via smartphone to a complete digital experience from end-to-end.
Going paperless also provides an added layer of security in accordance with a rising tide of regulations and government mandates. With digital records, automated management processes allow companies to set up rules around metadata to file records, put security procedures around them and also deleting personal information within retention regulations.
Keeping pace with challenger banks who are born of today’s technology
In recent years, the introduction of technological advances such as digital ID verification, e-signature and risk analytics are transforming the way financial service providers interact with their customers. New challenger banks build whole systems in as few as two weeks and automate as much as possible. By their very nature, challenger banks are pushing their competitors to be more agile and they are growing exponentially, something which the high-street banks had underestimated when they first entered the market. Created for the digital first generation, challenger banks won market share by putting customer-centric products at the heart of their business. They are also able to improve the product and the user experience quickly according to customer feedback.
Mobile banking innovators are completely disrupting the market and are increasingly leveraging these new technologies to fully digitise their processes, enabling them to deliver new and faster mobile services entirely tailored towards the needs of their customers.
HOW IDENTITY IS SECURELY UNLOCKING THE SME BANKING MARKET
By Mike Kiser, senior identity strategist at SailPoint
Have an identification card in your wallet? With a selfie and a few short minutes, you could have access to a business bank account.
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have long been the fuel that drives the global economy, representing around 90% of businesses and more than 50% of employment worldwide. Over the last few years, a range of financial services and platforms have arisen over the last few years to support the banking needs of these organisations. They are often digital natives and are innovating to meet the needs of their clientele.
This innovation provides great ease-of-use and rapid access to credit but also demands a careful consideration of their assumed security approach. The aforementioned scanning of an identity and a quick photo to establish a bank account demonstrates the rising importance of identity in both the consumer and enterprise arenas.
The blurring of the lines between personal and corporate identities (in this case, an individual acting on behalf of a small business) is still in its infancy. Combined with the ubiquity of mobile devices, individuals will tire of maintaining different accounts, different personas, different lives for each activity. Usability will demand that identity be reusable, portable, and secure.
This has massive implications for enterprises and the financial institutions that serve them if they seek to prevent cyber-attacks; thankfully, the same element that presents the security challenge also offers the solution: identity.
A New Vantagepoint
Just as individuals desire a single identity to unify their interaction with disparate parts of the world, organisations can use identity to grant them a single, holistic view of an individual (attributes, access, and behaviour) rather than seeing only a fragment at a time. This is particularly important for these new financial institutions—much of their technology stack is cloud-based, which often leads to splintered security approaches. An identity-based approach must be cloud-aware, and able to distil these complex environments into simple and easily governed infrastructure.
This collectivisation also allows security to use identities in the aggregate: to see what groups of similar individuals exist, what access these groups have, and what their usage of this access typically is. All of this contributes to the establishment of what normal is, whether it’s attributes, access, or behaviour. Once the “normal” is established, then the outliers—the potential threats—may be quickly triaged.
Adaptability: The New Imperative
The recent wave of change has demonstrated that financial institutions and organisations must be ready to adapt quickly to shifts in the environment. Portions of IT staff and services have been furloughed, and adjustments to new realities are essential. An identity approach that learns from the evolution of changes in the previously established areas of normality can grant enterprises the ability to see what is coming next and invest appropriately. Much like a view from an elevated position grants the ability to see beyond the normal horizon, basing a security strategy on identity makes it inherently adaptable.
Identity: Innovation and Security Intertwined
Identity, then, is a foundational consideration for financial institutions seeking to provide services for the perennially important small and medium enterprise sector. By eradicating barriers to entry that have historically kept financial organisations and enterprises apart, it is driving rapid adoption and a growing market for innovative banking. At the same time, it shows the path forward to securing those new services in a pre-emptive, adaptable way.
Now if you’ll pardon me, I must go open a bank account for my next start-up—from my mobile.
OPEN BANKING: ARE CONSUMERS KEEPING AN OPEN MIND?
Last September, the European Union’s regulatory requirement for banks to open up their payment accounts via application programming interfaces (APIs) came into effect. Since then, open banking has taken centre stage within European retail banking and payments. In this blog, Elina Mattila, Executive Director at Mobey Forum, shares insight into how emerging consumer attitudes may impact open banking services in the coming months.
It has been over six months since the revised Payment Services Directive (PSD2) came into full effect and with it, required banks to allow third party providers to access payment initiation and account information. While the regulation was designed to facilitate open banking, the market demand was uncertain. Would we, as consumers, choose to embrace the new services enabled by open banking? And if so, under which conditions?
To understand consumer attitudes, Mobey Forum and Aite Group partnered on a pan-European study to determine the appetite for open banking services amongst 1000 consumers in Finland, France, Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The study, launched in November 2019, revealed many important consumer trends and attitudes, including key priorities and potential barriers for adoption.
Consumer appetite for change
The consumer benefits of open banking are largely perceived to be compelling, yet this counts for little if the providers of those services are not deemed trustworthy. This is an observation reflected in the study, which highlighted consumer confidence in service providers as critical to open banking adoption. People want clear visibility of who is managing their finances, and the overwhelming majority (88%) would prefer their primary source of open banking services to be their main bank, as opposed to other banks or third-party providers (TPPs).
Consumers also indicated high levels of trust in their current bank of choice, reflected by 77% preferring to use a financial product comparison service offered by their main bank. By enabling customers to compare the pricing and conditions of a range of financial products on the market, they feel more comfortable that banks have their best interests at heart. This is a welcome trend, and one which should be celebrated in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis. For the banking industry to have rebuilt trust levels in this way bodes well for consumer adoption of future innovations.
With a trusted provider, one third of consumers were then either ‘very interested’ or ‘extremely interested’ in integrating open banking services into their financial routine. This applied to specific use cases: account information services (32%), pay by bank (33%), purchase financing (25%), product comparison (35%) and identity check services (35%). Unsurprisingly, consumer willingness to adopt these services relies heavily on providers continuing to prove that they can be trustworthy stewards of personal data.
For those unwilling to adopt open banking, concerns largely focused on reservations around security and privacy. As open banking becomes more sophisticated, it will be interesting to analyse the nuances around how consumers engage with third parties. Established brands are perhaps more likely to be trusted by consumers than lesser-known online retailers. For this reason, consumers may hesitate to engage newer companies than brands they are already familiar with. In an industry as varied as finance, this creates additional intrigue in the ongoing battle for market share between the newer ‘challenger’ banks and the older, more established European banks.
Consumers might, however, be willing to deprioritise trust and, instead, favour convenience and usability. When questioned over their willingness to adopt a new payment method, for example, 91% of respondents indicated that they could be tempted to switch either by financial incentives or the promise of greater convenience.
The path forward
While open banking is still in the relatively early stages of development, it has made significant progress in a very short period of time. Not only is it allowing consumers to share financial data with authorised providers as they wish, but it is set to spark more competition and innovation within the market.
From a business perspective, open banking is expected to create lucrative new revenue streams, particularly for companies which are able to innovate quickly and react to consumer demand. It is prompting consumers to reconsider how they manage their finances and – most excitingly – it’s not even close to reaching its full potential. It should bring a whole new era of service partnerships between banks and TPPs, which will enable a new generation of innovative financial services.
For the industry to truly fulfil its potential, it is vital that stakeholders are able to explore new business models, innovations and changing customer expectations for open banking in a commercially neutral environment. Mobey Forum’s open banking expert group provides exactly this, and we look forward to supporting our members as they shape the future of digital financial services.
Where to find out more
The opportunity for open banking is explored in more detail in a report by Mobey Forum and Aite Group, entitled Open Banking: Open Minds? Consumer Appetites for New Banking Services. It provides banks and other financial services stakeholders with a market view on consumer appetites toward new open banking services and explores the possible roadblocks to consumer adoption. It is also discussed in a podcast featuring key representatives from Interac, Erste Group Bank and Strands Finance.
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