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What are the benefits of investing in stocks?

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benefits of investing in stocks

By Dáire Ferguson, CEO at AvaTrade

 

Deciding where and how to invest money can be a complicated process. What do you do if you are willing to take a risk, but you’re not willing to lose everything at a moment’s notice? What sort of investment would be most worthwhile for a person like this?

For these types of people, investing in stocks can offer a worthwhile option.

 

Stocks offer potential for explosive growth

When people think about investing in a market with the potential for explosive growth, cryptocurrencies usually spring to mind. Evidence of this can be seen with Bitcoin and Ethereum, two cryptocurrencies that have grown astronomically in recent years. For example, Ethereum has seen its price increase by more than 500 per cent in 2021 alone, while five years ago a single Bitcoin could be purchased for around US$500. Now, one Bitcoin costs over US$58,000, representing growth of about 11,500 per cent.

Nevertheless, stocks, just like crypto, also have the potential for rapid growth. An example of this can be seen following the outbreak of Covid-19 in March 2020, which caused countries around the world to go into national lockdowns. This resulted in Zoom quickly becoming a household name as businesses and individuals wished to communicate with their families, friends, and colleagues as they were forced to spend their time at home. With the demand for video calling remaining high throughout 2020, shares in Zoom peaked at around US$560. This is a remarkable price jump from around US$110 per share at the beginning of March 2020, prior to the pandemic, and an increase of nearly 15 times over from US$36 in March 2019, when the company first filed to go public.

The video conferencing application is just one of numerous stocks to have had a remarkable price increase that wouldn’t look out of place in the cryptocurrency market. Throughout 2021, other companies have fared well, most notably the electric vehicle manufacturer Tesla, which is up over US$400 since the start of the calendar year, from around US$730 to US$1,116 at the time of writing. Businesses such as Amazon, Groupon and Nike have also had a strong 2021 to date, which will have been pleasing for investors who capitalised on the opportunity presented to them when stock prices were much lower, in the early days of the Covid-19 pandemic.

However, the key difference between the two is that stocks carry far less risk than crypto. With stocks, investors are better protected against downside risks, which makes them a comparatively safer investment. This is not the case with cryptocurrencies. As an example, while the current value of one Bitcoin is huge (due to high demand and speculation of further price rises), its inherent value is zero. If confidence drops in the coin or a regulatory barrier is created that deters users, any investment could quickly go up in smoke. It is this paradox that makes cryptocurrencies subject not only to rapid rises, but also rapid falls in price.

Once crypto gains more popularity and becomes more widely accepted, investors will begin to gain a greater understanding of what factors influence the market and prices (though at this stage, the volatility – and therefore the potential gains – may also be significantly reduced). Nevertheless, at this current moment, cryptocurrencies, for all their upside, come with considerable risks – even by the standards of investing, which is an inherently risk-based exercise. For many retail investors, a diversified range of stocks offers plenty of scope for significant growth, but with far less risk attached.

 

Protection against losses

When it comes to investing in stocks, although not yet widely available across the retail market, some brokers offer risk management tools that can offer further protection against potential risk. Slowly but surely, risk management tools are becoming more common, being offered to traders as an extra layer of security for those wishing to engage in high-risk trading.

Investors have a range of options at their disposal. One common tool is a ‘take profit’ order together with a ‘stop loss’ order. Simply put, a take profit order is a limit order which specifies the exact price for investors to close out an open position in order to make a profit. In the case that the price of the security fails to reach the set limit price, the take profit order will not take place. On the other hand, a stop loss order can be used to reduce the amount of money a trader loses on a security position. This is done through either the buying or selling of a stock once it reaches a certain price.

Take profit and stop loss orders help to reduce potential risk, but for those new to trading or who desire extra support, there are risk management tools available that provide thorough protection against losses for a set period, For example, at AvaTrade, where we offer users Contract for Differences (CFDs) which can go up or down, giving them the opportunity to benefit in a rising or dropping market, we have AvaProtect. This means that if the market happens to move in a different direction to that which was originally predicted, AvaTrade users can recover their losses – minus the cost of purchasing the protection.

As an increasing number of people take an interest and begin using trading platforms to invest in stocks, brokers will certainly look to develop or grow the risk management tools they offer in an attempt to gain and retain new users.

 

Finance

The penny has dropped – the finance sector needs Data Governance-as-a-Service

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By Michael Queenan, Co-Founder and CEO at Nephos Technologies

 

In our data-driven world, the amount of data is growing exponentially and it’s predicted that the amount generated each second in the financial industry will grow 700% this year. Leaders of financial services organisations have realised two things since the start of the pandemic – that data on their customers and services is their greatest asset and that they must embrace technology to make intelligent business decisions to grow successfully and outperform competitors.

Since the financial sector holds arguably the most valuable and sensitive information, organisations must do more than just store this data. They need to ensure its security, integrity, and governance so that it’s useful in improving the brand’s customer experience, innovating products and services or predicting future trends to improve risk management.

Yet without a robust data governance model – a strong set of rules and processes for what data means, and how it is categorised, owned, accessed, stored, and used – data is worthless. Only when an effective data governance model has been established, will data meet regulations and be secure. Data leaders must shift gear in their data processes to avoid hefty compliance penalties and unlock potential value from their data assets.

 

The data governance challenges faced by financial sector organisations

The barriers for achieving ‘good governance’ are many and varied. Ignorance of the benefits of data governance is a major hurdle for developing a governance strategy. Many financial firms have invested – at significant cost – in data governance tools, but struggle to deliver the benefits they are looking for. Many don’t have the right skills and resources to maximise or set the right metrics to measure the business value. Some are compromised by unoptimised gaps in their approach.

With many different elements to master, data governance is complex – from identifying the right tools to managing the challenges presented by encryption, all whilst ensuring that data quality is sustained and data is managed responsibly.  The negative impact of misplaced investment in ineffective data governance strategies can be significant, for the short and long-term.

 

Why data governance matters

With the acceleration of digital adoption in the financial services industry, it has become crucial to deliver seamless, intelligent customer experiences. Data governance is the key to managing data flow, ensuring compliance, and scaling up. Proof that data governance matters is evident in the Master Data Management Market growth prediction, from $16.7 billion in 2022 to $34.5 billion by 2027.

Data governance is a comprehensive methodology for ensuring the quality and security of the company’s data. The various benefits of an effective data governance strategy include minimised risk, coherent policies, metrics and processes, and better implementation of compliance and enhanced data value. However, for financial services, there are significant advantages as a result of the following:

  • Data governance saves the company money by increasing efficiency. Precious time can be saved by having good quality data and a single source of truth, with less duplication of data, and less time needed to correct data errors.
  • Good data governance gives the business confidence in having accurate and trustworthy data, the holy grail for delivering outperforming customer experiences.
  • A data-driven culture can also be introduced to your business through good data governance. With the ability to gather critical customer and market insights that can guide the direction of your business, data governance allows financial institutions to drive innovation and gain competitive advantage.

 

Bridging the governance gap with Data Governance-as-a-Service (DGaaS)

Increasingly organisations are turning to the ‘as-a-Service’ model to bridge the gaps in their data governance capabilities, as well as ensure critical alignment between objectives and results. This dedicated approach aims to minimise the risk of investments and delivers the strategy and proven technologies required to ensure data governance success.

DGaaS can be applied across each major component required to deliver good data governance. First, it uses software tools to scan all data within a typically complex financial services data infrastructure in its data discovery and classification phase. Without this detailed insight, organisations can’t always identify their data assets, any data mishandling and the level of risk generated.

The next part of the process is creation and documentation. This means organisations can drive their governance objectives through to execution, while removing the operational and recruitment overheads, which means they can purely focus on value created from data. In doing so, organisations can convert the raw outputs from the toolsets into meaningful business outputs.

With a holistic approach, DGaaS allows financial services organisations to focus on the transformational potential of data while critically staying compliant.

 

Reaping the benefits

Data is a vital asset to enable financial sector organisations to build the right capabilities to deliver their services and remain competitive. With a robust data governance model, financial firms can assess risk, predict trends, and seize market opportunities based on data-driven insights. Only data-driven processes, built on high quality and effectively governed data, will enable them to build outstanding customer experiences. It’s essential that leaders realise data governance is a fundamental discipline, not a luxury, and establish an effective model to formalise processes and responsibilities before their data lets them down.

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Financial Stability Board Gives Full Support to Wide LEI Use in Global Payments

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Clare Rowley, Head of Business Operations at the Global Legal Entity Identifier Foundation

The strongest recommendation yet by the Financial Stability Board (FSB) that the LEI should be used more widely in payments will catalyze increased global LEI adoption. The most immediate intention is in facilitating cross-border payments. GLEIF explains why this makes it the perfect time for financial institutions to become Validation Agents within the Global LEI System.

The Financial Stability Board (FSB) has put its full weight behind a landmark recommendation that the LEI should be widely adopted across the global payments ecosystem. In July 2022, the FSB published a report encouraging global standards-setting bodies and international organizations with authority in the financial, banking, and payments space to drive forward LEI references in their work. The report also recommends guidance and further outreach on the use of the LEI as a standardized identifier for sanctions lists and as the primary means of identification for legal entity customers or beneficiaries, with specific reference to customer due diligence and wire transfers.

A primary near-term goal of the FSB’s most recent report, published as part of the G20 Roadmap for Enhancing Cross-Border Payments, is to stimulate LEI to use initially in cross-border payment transactions. By helping to make these transactions faster, cheaper, more transparent, and more inclusive, while maintaining their safety and security, the LEI has been deemed by the FSB to support the goals of the G20 roadmap.

As a result, banks and financial institutions will now be compelled to move quickly to incorporate the LEI as an integral component of their cross-border payments infrastructure, since there are huge benefits in doing so. In addition to supporting lower costs and enhanced transaction speed and transparency, the LEI can also facilitate straight-through processing (STP) and sanctions screening, while easing compliance with Know-Your-Customer (KYC) due diligence.

Additionally, the report recommends that standards bodies (e.g., BCBS, CPMI, IOSCO, FATF) and international organizations (IMF, OECD, World Bank) should consider how the LEI may be used as a standardized identifier for sanctions lists or as the primary means of identification of legal entity customers or beneficiaries. This demonstrates the broader ecosystem needed to support cross-border payments evolution – an ecosystem based on a single global identifier for legal entities that can be used to facilitate compliance checks across various resources.

With this in mind, banks and financial institutions who may soon need to ensure their legal entity clients possess an LEI to engage in certain payment transactions, cross-border or other, should feel motivated to leverage the benefits of becoming a Validation Agent within the Global LEI System. The advantages are two-fold: enhanced customer service, through a simpler, faster, and more convenient LEI issuance process for customers; and huge efficiencies in client onboarding and lifecycle management for the bank or financial institution. It really is a win-win scenario.

 

The wider impact of LEI adoption in cross-border payments

While the FSB’s report is intended to promote LEI use in cross-border transactions, both the strength and far-reaching scope of its recommendations are likely to be a catalyst for the LEI to be more broadly implemented across many other payment scenarios too. After all, if banks and financial institutions need to equip customers with an LEI to participate in cross-border transactions, then it’s a logical next step for participants in the payments ecosystem to leverage and optimize those LEIs to drive efficiencies across their other payment operations, and to bring enhanced transparency and trust benefits for customers.

There is already a healthy pipeline of active consultations and commitments by financial regulators aimed at recommending or mandating LEI use more broadly within the global payments space.

  • Last year, the European Commission (EC) officially recognized the value of the LEI as a unique mechanism capable of supporting transparency in AML and countering the financing of terrorism (CFT) efforts. It issued two legislative proposals that call for the LEI to be used in certain customer identification and verification scenarios where available.
  • The EC also launched a separate initiative last year to identify obstacles to the creation of efficient pan-European instant payments solutions. As part of its consultation strategy, the EC issued a survey for the purpose of exploring the potential for the LEI to support the screening of instant payment transactions against sanction and watch lists.
  • The Bank of England (BoE) affirmed its position to support wider uptake of the LEI and will introduce the LEI into ISO 20022 standard for CHAPS payment messages on an ‘optional to send’ basis in February 2023. While the BoE encourages all CHAPS Direct Participants to start using LEIs as early as possible, it will not become mandatory until spring 2024, at which time the BoE will begin mandating LEIs to be used in certain circumstances, with a vision to widen out the requirement to all participants over time. In particular, the BoE will mandate the use of the LEI where the payment involves a transfer of funds between financial institutions. The BoE will also monitor the use of the LEI for all transactions, with a view to assessing whether the mandatory requirement to include LEI data should be extended to all CHAPS payments.
  • In order to further the use of LEI in cross-border transactions and facilitate cross-border trade and investment, the Chinese Cross-border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) designed an innovative product “CIPS Connector”, which provides an integrated “one-step” service for a variety of cross-border RMB transactions between banks and enterprises. Every CIPS Connector user is assigned with an LEI, which is used for activating the tool as well as a mandatory business element in their business transaction.
  • In January 2021, and in a move that was the first of its kind, the Reserve Bank of India issued a mandate for the LEI in all payment transactions totaling ₹ 50 crore and more undertaken by entities for Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) and National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT).

 

Why the LEI in payments?

The LEI is considered an important tool in payments as it is designed for identifying unique parties to each transaction. It meets a fundamental requirement in payment processing – precise identification of the payer and payee. No other current identifier in payments offers this. International Bank Account Numbers (IBANs) for example are used for uniquely identifying payer/payee accounts, while Business Identifier Codes (BICs) are used for routing the payments to the relevant divisions/sub-divisions of financial institutions.

Today’s highly digitized payment networks require faster, cheaper, and more secure transactions. When the LEI is added as a data attribute in the payment messages, any originator or beneficiary legal entity can be instantly and automatically identified.

 

Become a Validation Agent

When viewed collectively, these developments show that LEI advocacy has never been stronger in the payments space. This signals that the LEI could be the widely implemented trust tool of choice for payments in the near future. With that in mind, GLEIF urges banks, and financial institutions to consider taking a proactive approach to supporting voluntary customer adoption of the LEI and getting ahead of recommendations or mandates in the payments space.

Becoming a Validation Agent in the Global LEI System is now the obvious choice. In addition to easing the process of LEI implementation further down the line by making LEI issuance more convenient and accessible for customers, becoming a Validation Agent can deliver some significant advantages for financial institutions themselves. By utilizing ‘business-as-usual’ onboarding processes to obtain LEIs for clients, financial institutions can improve customer experience, facilitate digital transformation, and reduce client lifecycle management costs.

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