Tae Hea Nahm is the cofounding MD of Storm Ventures, which invests in tech and SaaS start-ups all over the world. He’s the author of the book series Survival to Thrival: Building the Enterprise Startup, which provides B2B entrepreneurs with all they need to know to grow and then thrive. His latest title in the series, Change or Be Changed is out in April. Here he tells us the secrets to growth and the lesser addressed topic of how to manage it.
What business problem for entrepreneurs do your books address?
The first book was all about unlocking growth – the thing that every start-up wants to address. We came up with a concept which we believe is the missing link to unlock enterprise growth. It’s called ‘Go-To-Market Fit’. Many start-ups will know about finding ‘Product-Market-Fit’ (PMF). But even when they find PMF, they still often find it hard to transcend from survival mode to thrival mode. The bridge between these two modes is finding your unique ‘Go-to-Market-Fit’.
The first book also helps founders anticipate their start-up journey from founding to $1 billion company.
Book two is about what happens after you’ve unlocked growth. Why is change so hard on the team, including the CEO? Our book looks at how the whole company from the team up to the board needs to change their roles as the company grows.
So why exactly is growth so hard on the team once it’s underway?
Finding the growth formula is hard to start with. Then once you have the growth formula (i.e. GTM Fit), the company must change its strategy, execution, organization and even its people to scale and succeed.
Here’s why: As the company grows, roles change. Yet there is little institutional knowledge passed down to help start-up leaders understand how their jobs change, and therefore how they must change themselves to succeed. Some of what makes people successful in the early stage ironically must be unlearned for the next stage. This theme of ‘unlearning’ is what I focus on in my second book. Unlearning is an invigorating and transformational experience, yet painful and turbulent for the team, the CEO and the board. Common company culture becomes more important during this stage and the thing which holds the team together.
Can you give an example of how growth can be hard on the team?
A classic example would be when the CEO hires the first “Grade-A” role such as a VP of Sales. Adding this is critical to company growth, but it can make a CEO and others uncomfortable. The VP will push everyone in the company—the CEO, the product team, the marketing team—to the next level. They may point out that early customer-acquisition processes that were the pride of the company were actually a one-off, unrepeatable sale, and will demand that the company develop a repeatable sales model (a playbook). Everyone realises that the old ways of making decisions and doing business will have to change. But the good news is discomfort is normal. Embrace it.
What sort of companies do you invest in and why the interest outside of Silicon Valley?
We invest in early stage B2B companies all over the world. Many VCs stick to the Bay area but we want to invest outside Silicon Valley, because i) you don’t have to be in Silicon Valley to access the best technology (Cloud, open source etc are available everywhere), and ii) Silicon Valley has a fundamental cost and retention disadvantage. Most importantly, we have seen huge success for our investments outside Silicon Valley.
What are the trends you are seeing in the tech SaaS arena?
Rewriting SaaS architecture to leverage AI. Traditional SaaS (like CRM) was architected for automating workflow and built on transactional data models (like Oracle). Companies have been trying to bolt on AI to SaaS. We believe that the application should first be built for AI and then add SaaS. AI is architected to predict behavior and is built on behavioral data models (like Google and Facebook).
Considering you invest in tech services for enterprises, does your company use super slick apps on a day to day basis – if so, which are the must-haves?
As a small tech office, we find that we must communicate with everyone everywhere. So we use WhatsApp for Europe, and Kakao for Korea, FaceTime for apple users, Google Hangouts for some video, zoom for basic video conferencing. We are constantly adding new communications apps
For our base deal workflow, we use copper as our CRM and Google Drive for document sharing.
Tae Hea Nahm’s first book The Company Journey can be found at the following link: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Survival-Thrival-Building-Enterprise-Startup/dp/1684014905
A PROPTECH FOUNDER’S BEGINNING, THE START OF KLEVIO AND HOW ACCESS-TECH IMPROVES FACILITIES MANAGEMENT
An interview with Klevio’s CEO and Co-Founder, Aleš Špetič
What is Klevio?
Klevio is a smart intercom that allows individuals to enter a building using a mobile app, providing digital access and removing the need to use a key. Teams or individuals can manage access rights from our dashboard or the app, understanding the usage of their buildings better, whilst cutting costs and improving efficiencies. As well as Facilities Management (FM) professionals, Klevio’s technology has been implemented across numerous sectors including short-stay lets and longer-term property management, a recording studio that manages room bookings and a London pub which allows temporary access to delivery professionals via its solution. Klevio is also popular with private homeowners.
How did the idea come about?
The founding of the team and the products we worked on came from several influences along our journey. I was still working on CubeSensors, a company I founded that created miniature sensors for both the home and offices, feeding back data on temperatures, noise, light, humidity and the likes, something of a Fitbit for the room.
My co-founder and now Chairman, Demetrios Zoppos, was involved in the creation of Sherlock, the digital entry system that went on to be the underpinning technology for Klevio. When Demetrios exited his previous company, onefinestay, he held onto the intellectual property (IP) of Sherlock, knowing that there was a future for this technology elsewhere.
We quickly came to the conclusion that my IoT experience and history with physical products for consumers and offices, and the IP he had kept for Sherlock, meant that it would be criminal not to pool our experiences and so Klevio was founded.
How do you compete with the other access solutions on the market?
We have merged the new and the old. Keys have been around for thousands of years in some way or another, so have been ripe for a digital upgrade. With our competitors, although there is some amazing technology, most add confusion or annoyance to the process. There are smart-lock providers whose technology normally requires the changing of locks or at least the installation of an ugly and not always user-friendly pin-pad at the door.
Other options require magnetic cards and in many larger establishments receptionists are paid to ensure that someone enters their email for data capture, further adding to huge setup costs. With Klevio you do not need an extra key, token, or card. Everything is on your phone, similar to Apple Pay.Klevio is installed inside the building and is connected to the existing lock.
For office spaces, co-working and other large blocks, key cards are just one more item that can be shared and lost. With Klevio there’s no need to provide a keycard to anyone and it can be connected to an existing system. Many access systems do not have this benefit, and for offices this means you can change the access to your own unit without affecting the rest of a building.
What are the main challenges for your business?
Changing a mindset. People have used and trusted keys their whole lives. Getting them to accept a simpler alternative isn’t an easy thing to do.
The other difficulty is hardware, especially when it comes to security and people’s offices and homes. With software, if you make a mistake or something doesn’t quite work, you can patch it and update things. If a hardware product has a fault, a product recall is going to be a huge undertaking, and no startup will have the budget to ride the storm like a Samsung or a VW Group. We invested a huge amount of time to make sure that Klevio performs well.
Customers need to build confidence and trust in your offering, rushing to deliver and make a splash can backfire in a huge way.
What trends in tech do you see shaping the future of offices and homes in the next five years?
In the IoT space things are moving fast with the world’s largest companies like Amazon, Apple, Google and Facebook all vying to be the centre of the interconnected home and office. There are hundreds of startups carving out their own little corners too, so the next big shift will be consolidation. The industry leaders are already making moves to buy or partner with interesting startups to get ahead on IP and reach.
On a consumer level, people want smart solutions but are increasingly aware of their rights and privacy. Products that offer that on-demand feel, making lives easier and smoother, without taking too much data, will provide that personal touch consumers want and slowly start to manage the offices and homes of the future.
What is the one piece of advice you would give an organisation when looking to digitise its processes?
Do your research – don’t rush to find a solution. There are companies out there that will be able to make your place of work run more smoothly. You just need to find the one that suits your systems, colleagues and budget.
OPPORTUNITIES IN FINTECH: LEVERAGING CROSS-BORDER PAYMENT SYSTEMS
An interview with Aron Schwarzkopf, CEO and Co-founder of Kushki, a payment platform tailor-made for Latin America.
What are some of the biggest challenges in the fintech sector, specifically related to POS payments?
There is a lack of standardization in the way that payments are handled in different countries, and this presents the most significant challenge because it complicates the process of connecting them all across borders. We’re working to address that by adding some standardized connecting processes and using artificial intelligence to help mitigate these complications and make smooth cross-border payments a given.
Why are cross-border payments becoming more of a necessity?
As the world becomes increasingly global, the necessity for cross-border payments grows. People and businesses are expanding their scope and reach and therefore need to be able to operate in different countries. Part of being functional is the ability to make those cross-border payments, and so the demand for better options for those payments will continue to grow.
What are the key opportunities for cross-border payments?
There are four main opportunities that I see for cross-border payments. The first is facilitating fast and direct payments, cutting down on the extra steps required, but still maintaining the security of the transactions. From this, follows the need (and opportunity) to centralize recurring payments. Smart links are also an area of opportunity, letting people make mobile payments through different platforms using personal payment links. Lastly, expanding the opportunity to store payment information, like card numbers, and using tokenization to facilitate recurring payments.
With several fintech startups launching recently, how can you tell which are valid?
One common mistake is to assume that just because a startup has built something innovative that it is going to be useful. Instead, the most important thing to evaluate is whether the company is offering a solution to a significant pain point or just offering a minor improvement. I recommend comparing the startup to the most established version of its product. Which is less expensive? Which is easier? Which is resolving a larger challenge? If the startup is doing well on both counts, they’re probably on to something.
What are the security concerns surrounding POS payments?
The authentication process for credit card transactions is different in different regions due to different technological infrastructure. This inconsistency can generate confusion and concern about the security of various transactions and makes it hard to verify and understand the different fraud management and security processes in place.
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